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        • Urban Manure Systems and the Historical Articulation of the Urban Nutrient Question

        Abstract
        The history of the urban manure systems is often misperceived as a perfectly closed nutrient cycle between city and countryside. This article approaches urban manure systems as an attempt of an urbanising society to prevent structural soil depletion in order to safeguard the social reproduction of the city. In this way, the nutrient issue manifested itself as a shared concern of both city and countryside, enabling soil fertility to be the subject of a direct transaction and a politicised debate.
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        Citation
        Vandermaelen, H. (2019). Urban Manure Systems and the Historical Articulation of the Urban Nutrient Question. The Urban Household of Metabolism, OASE, (104), 113–118. Retrieved from https://www.oasejournal.nl/en/Issues/104/UrbanManureSystemsandtheHistoricalArticulationoftheUrbanNutrientQuestion

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